Samsung Exynos 2100 official image
Supplied by Samsung

Samsung is one of the few smartphone brands able to produce its own processors, with Apple and Huawei being the only other major manufacturers to do so. This allows the company to create chips that precisely suit its needs, while also theoretically allowing them to save a few pennies too.

The Samsung Exynos processor range can be found in everything from cutting-edge 5G flagships to $100 phones. So with that in mind, we put together a guide to these SoCs.

Samsung Galaxy S21 top half of display at angle
David Imel / Android Authority

Samsung has long offered two variants of its top-end Galaxy phones, with the primary difference boiling down to chipset. Galaxy flagships in the US, China, and several other markets get a model with a Qualcomm Snapdragon chipset. Meanwhile, Europe, the Middle East, Africa, and Korea tend to get a version with the in-house Exynos processor.

The latest and greatest Exynos chipset in 2021 is the Exynos 2100, found in the Galaxy S21 family. This processor offers a tri-cluster CPU arrangement, much like we see with flagship chipsets from Qualcomm and Huawei’s HiSilicon. We have one Arm Cortex-X1 CPU core for heavy lifting, three Cortex-A78 CPU cores for mid-weight tasks, and four Cortex-A55 cores to handle simple tasks.

Read: Snapdragon 888 vs Exynos 2100 vs Kirin 9000 vs Apple A14

The Exynos 2100 delivers a flagship-level Arm Mali-G78 MP14 GPU, a tri-core neural processing unit (NPU) for machine learning, and a 5nm design. Other noteworthy Exynos 2100 features include 8K recording, up to 200MP cameras, 120Hz screen refresh rate support, and 5G via the bundled modem. The modem supports both mmWave and sub-6Ghz standards, joining Qualcomm’s 5G modems.

This is the first flagship Exynos chipset to use off-the-shelf Arm CPUs since 2015, with everything up to last year’s Exynos 990 in the Galaxy S20 series using the in-house Mongoose CPU series. Unfortunately, Samsung shut its custom CPU division down at the end of 2019.

Samsung Exynos 2100Samsung Exynos 990
CPU
Samsung Exynos 2100:
1x Cortex-X1
3x Cortex-A78
4x Cortex-A55
Samsung Exynos 990:
2x Mongoose M5
2x Cortex-A76
4x Cortex-A55
GPU
Samsung Exynos 2100:
Arm Mali-G78 MP14
Samsung Exynos 990:
Arm Mali-G77 MP11
AI / DSP
Samsung Exynos 2100:
Tri-core NPU
Samsung Exynos 990:
Dual-core NPU
Modem
Samsung Exynos 2100:
4G LTE
5G sub-6GHz & mmWave
7.35Gbps download
(integrated)
Samsung Exynos 990:
4G LTE
5G sub-6GHz & mmWave
7.35Gbps download
(integrated)
Connectivity
Samsung Exynos 2100:
Bluetooth 5.1
Wi-Fi 6
Samsung Exynos 990:
Bluetooth 5
Wi-Fi 6
Camera
Samsung Exynos 2100:
200MP single
8K/30fps
4K/120fps
Samsung Exynos 990:
108MP single
8K/30fps
4K/120fps
Process
Samsung Exynos 2100:
5nm
Samsung Exynos 990:
5nm

Qualcomm’s flagship processors have generally enjoyed the upper hand over high-end Exynos chipsets when it comes to GPU power and efficiency. But the gap has narrowed this year according to our own testing. We compared the Exynos 2100 to the Snapdragon 888, finding that the Exynos 2100 was slightly better when it came to CPU performance. However, the Qualcomm chip enjoyed a small advantage in the 3DMark GPU test and a major advantage during the GPU portion of our Speed Test G in-house test. That’s still an improvement for Samsung over its previous flagship SoC.

Samsung’s previous high-end chipset was the Exynos 990, featuring two custom Mongoose M5 cores, two Cortex-A76 medium cores, and four Cortex-A55 cores. The older processor also offered a Mali-G77 MP11 GPU and a 7nm design. The Exynos 990 received some flak due to its increased power consumption and inferior graphics performance compared to Qualcomm’s best at the time. Still, you should expect great performance in general and it should handle many games just fine.

Notable Exynos flagship phones

Mid-range: Powering the Galaxy A series

Samsung Galaxy A51 performance on table

It used to be the case that Samsung’s mid-tier Exynos processors (generally aimed at Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 700 series) were pretty mediocre, but the firm has raised its game in recent times. The latest and greatest entry in this regard is the Exynos 1080, which actually seems more powerful on paper than last year’s flagship Exynos SoC.

The 5nm Exynos 1080 packs the latest tech from silicon kingpin Arm, such as a powerful tri-cluster CPU (one Cortex-A78 at 2.8GHz, three Cortex-A78 cores at 2.6GHz, and four Cortex-A55 cores at 2GHz), and a Mali-G78 MP10 GPU. But the impressive mid-range features don’t stop here.

Samsung’s new processor also delivers comprehensive 5G capabilities (including mmWave), dedicated machine learning silicon, support for a 200MP camera, 4K/60fps recording, and up to a 144Hz refresh rate.

Vivo is the first manufacturer to use the Exynos 1080, slotting it into the X60 series of upper mid-range devices. Unfortunately, the Exynos variants are only available in China, with Vivo switching to Qualcomm power for the global phones. We thought that we’d see the Exynos 1080 in Samsung’s top-end Galaxy A phones but this hasn’t been the case so far in 2021.

The previous star of Samsung’s mid-tier portfolio was 2020’s Exynos 980, and it still seems pretty capable in 2021. The 8nm chipset was Samsung’s first mid-range 5G processor, albeit only offering support for sub-6GHz networks. The rest of the spec sheet is respectable enough, featuring an octa-core CPU (two Cortex-A77 cores and six Cortex-A55 cores), a Mali-G76 MP5 GPU, and an NPU for machine learning tasks.

Related: The Samsung Galaxy A series coming to the US is bigger deal than you may think

Samsung also launched the Exynos 880 a few months after the Exynos 980, and they share plenty of features in common. In fact, the Exynos 880 mainly differs by virtue of having a lower CPU clock speed, FHD+ screen support rather than QHD+, 64MP single camera capabilities instead of 108MP, and 4K/30fps recording (rather than 4K/120fps).

Moving down a tier, and we’ve got the significantly less impressive Exynos 9609, 9610, and 9611. These SoCs share a lot in common, such as the CPU layout (four older Cortex-A73 cores and four Cortex-A53 cores), an older GPU (Mali-G72 MP3), 10nm designs and Bluetooth 5 support. The CPU layout in particular is roughly comparable to a flagship CPU from 2017, but the GPU is definitely more budget-focused.

The Exynos 96xx series generally has more in common with Qualcomm’s lower-end Snapdragon 600 series chips (Snapdragon 636/660/662/665), Huawei’s Kirin 710 chipset, and MediaTek’s old Helio P60/P65/P70 chipsets.

Exynos 980Exynos 1080Exynos 880Exynos 9609/9610/9611
CPU
Exynos 980:
2x Cortex-A77
6x Cortex-A55
Exynos 1080:
4x Cortex-A77
4x Cortex-A55
Exynos 880:
2x Cortex-A77
6x Cortex-A55
Exynos 9609/9610/9611:
4x Cortex-A73
4x Cortex-A53
GPU
Exynos 980:
Mali-G76 MP5
Exynos 1080:
Mali-G78 MP10
Exynos 880:
Mali-G76 MP5
Exynos 9609/9610/9611:
Mali-G72 MP3
Modem
Exynos 980:
2550Mbps down,
1280Mbps up
Sub-6GHz 5G
Exynos 1080:
5100Mbps down
1280Mbps up
(sub-6GHz)
3670Mbps down
3670Mbps up
(mmWave)

Exynos 880:
2500Mbps down
1280Mbps up
Sub-6GHz 5G
Exynos 9609/9610/9611:
600Mbps down,
150Mbps up
Connectivity
Exynos 980:
Bluetooth 5.0
Wi-Fi 6
Exynos 1080:
Bluetooth 5.2
Wi-Fi 6
Exynos 880:
Bluetooth 5.0
Wi-Fi 6
Exynos 9609/9610/9611:
Bluetooth 5.0
Wi-Fi 5
Cameras
Exynos 980:
108MP single, 20+20MP dual
Exynos 1080:
200MP single
22+22MP dual
Exynos 880:
64MP single,
20+20MP dual
Exynos 9609/9610/9611:
64MP single (48MP for Exynos 9609), 16+16MP dual
Process
Exynos 980:
8nm
Exynos 1080:
5nm
Exynos 880:
8nm
Exynos 9609/9610/9611:
10nm

Rounding out Samsung’s mid-range chipsets are the ageing Exynos 7884, 7885, and 7904 processors. These all share 14nm designs, octa-core CPUs (two Cortex-A73 cores and six Cortex-A53 cores), and nigh-on obsolete Mali-G71 MP2 GPUs. These chipsets should deliver a solid basic experience and satisfactory camera performance, but don’t expect anything more than light gaming here. Expect to see the Exynos 96xx series and higher more often these days.

Samsung’s truly budget processors have largely been unspectacular performers as you’d expect from this segment. The Exynos 850 is the latest chipset in this tier, and it might just be the most power-efficient Exynos chipset around.

The Exynos 850 offers an octa-core Cortex-A55 CPU, making for a mild power and efficiency upgrade from earlier low-end Exynos chipsets, which often pack octa-core or even quad-core Cortex-A53 CPUs. You’re also getting a Mali-G52 MP1 GPU, and 48MP camera support.

But it’s the Exynos 850’s combo of a lightweight, efficient CPU and 8nm design that should deliver notable power savings over other budget Exynos SoCs. The processor is currently found in the Galaxy A21s, which also offers a 5,000mAh battery, so you can expect this device to last a long time in theory. Just don’t expect to play advanced 3D games at a smooth pace (if at all), and we aren’t expecting fast loading or brisk camera performance either.

Exynos 850Exynos 7885Exynos 7880Exynos 7570
CPU
Exynos 850:
8x Cortex-A55
Exynos 7885:
4x Cortex-A73
4x Cortex-A53
Exynos 7880:
8x Cortex-A53
Exynos 7570:
4x Cortex-A53
GPU
Exynos 850:
Mali-G52 MP1
Exynos 7885:
Mali-G71 MP2
Exynos 7880:
Mali-T830 MP3

Exynos 7570:
Mali-T720 MP1
Modem
Exynos 850:
300Mbps down
150Mbps upload
Exynos 7885:
600Mbps down
150Mbps upload
Exynos 7880:
300Mbps down
100Mbps upload
Exynos 7570:
150Mbps down,
50Mbps up
Connectivity
Exynos 850:
Bluetooth 5
Wi-Fi 5
Exynos 7885:
Bluetooth 5
Wi-Fi 5
Exynos 7880:
Bluetooth 4.2
Wi-Fi 5
Exynos 7570:
Bluetooth 4.2
Wi-Fi 4
Cameras
Exynos 850:
48MP single,
16+5MP dual
Exynos 7885:
21.7MP single, 16+16MP dual
Exynos 7880:
21.7MP single
Exynos 7570:
13MP single
Process
Exynos 850:
8nm
Exynos 7885:
14nm
Exynos 7880:
14nm
Exynos 7570:
14nm

The rest of Samsung’s low-end Exynos chipsets are largely much older processors, like the Exynos 7870, and 7880. These SoCs offer octa-core Cortex-A53 CPUs, aging Mali T-series graphics, modest camera specs (no 32MP+ support here), and 14nm designs. These compare pretty favorably to the likes of the Snapdragon 439 and Helio P22 chips.

Finally, the least capable recent chipset in Samsung’s Exynos stable is the Exynos 7570, offering a quad-core Cortex-A53 CPU (halving the core count compared to the aforementioned chips), an ancient Mali-T720 MP1 GPU, and no explicit support for dual-camera setups. Samsung’s low-end chips don’t have the fastest LTE or latest Bluetooth standards either, and the Exynos 7570 is no exception.

Notable phones

  • Samsung Galaxy A21s
  • Samsung Galaxy A2 Core
  • Samsung Galaxy A7 2017
  • Samsung Galaxy J2 Core 2020

The future: Samsung and AMD working on custom GPU

Samsung may have ditched its custom CPU division, but the firm is pressing on with a custom AMD GPU for its next flagship smartphone processor. This high-end Exynos chipset will be using RDNA2 technology as the foundation for the smartphone GPU, AMD CEO Dr. Lisa Su said at Computex. Su also said Samsung would share more info about the new 5G chipset “later this year.”

What about capabilities? The AMD CEO said the new chipset and GPU will offer ray tracing and variable rate shading. We haven’t seen full-blown ray tracing in particular on a smartphone processor, so we’re keen to see how this pans out.

Samsung has traditionally announced chipsets late in the year for commercial release the following year, or announced chipsets early in the new year that go into phones that same year. In other words, it’s a safe bet to expect the first Exynos processor with an AMD GPU to arrive in the Galaxy S22 series rather than the likes of the Galaxy Z Fold 3.


This was our guide to Samsung’s Exynos processors! Got any questions or thoughts on the topic? Then let us know via the comments below.