Samsung has offered high-end Exynos mobile processors for years now, largely being available in its own flagship smartphones. 2021 is no different though, as the Korean manufacturer launched theĀ  Exynos 2100.

This is the firm’s latest processor and looks like a notable upgrade over last year’s Exynos 990, seen inside the likes of the Samsung Galaxy S20 series. Here’s what you should know about the new SoC.

Exynos 2100 specs

The Exynos 2100 is a landmark release for the firm, not just because of the fact that it’s a 5nm design. It’s the company’s first flagship SoC without custom CPU cores since 2015’s Exynos 7420. Instead of Samsung’s in-house Mongoose cores, the new SoC exclusively uses Arm’s Cortex cores.

The chipset sports one Arm Cortex-X1 core clocked at 2.9GHz, three Cortex-A78 CPU cores at 2.8GHz, and four Cortex-A55 cores running at 2.2GHz. This is the same CPU core arrangement seen on the rival Snapdragon 888 SoC. Samsung said the new CPU setup enables a 30% boost to multi-core performance over the Exynos 990. The Korean brand also points to the 5nm process as being crucial, saying it enables 20% lower power consumption or 10% better overall performance.

 Samsung Exynos 2100Samsung Exynos 990
CPU Config1x Cortex-X1 @ 2.9GHz
3x Cortex-A78 @ 2.8GHz
4x Cortex-A55 @ 2.2GHz
2x Mongoose M5 @ 2.73GHz
2x Cortex-A76 @ 2.5GHz
4x Cortex-A55 @ 2GHz
GPUArm Mali-G78 MP14Arm Mali-G77 MP11
AI / DSPTri-core NPUDual-core NPU
Camera200MP single
108MP single
Modem4G LTE
5G sub-6GHz & mmWave
7.35Gbps download
5G sub-6GHz & mmWave
7.35Gbps download

When it comes to graphical performance, the Exynos 2100 adopts the new Mali-G78 MP14 GPU. Samsung is claiming up to 40% better graphical performance as a result. This GPU is also found inside the recently announced mid-range Exynos 1080 chipset, albeit with fewer cores (Mali-G78 MP10).

Speaking of the Exynos 1080, the Exynos 2100 borrows the upper mid-range chip’s Amigo tech. This tech suite essentially governs and optimizes power usage across the CPU, GPU, and other elements of the chipset.

We’ve also seen high refresh rate screens become ubiquitous in the last few years, and the new processor offers support for refresh rates up to 144Hz at QHD+. It also delivers 120Hz support at 4K display resolutions.

Exynos 2100: 5G and AI

Samsung Exynos 2100 graphic

Credit: Supplied by Samsung

A modern smartphone processor doesn’t just consist of the CPU and GPU, as cellular connectivity is one of the most important elements. The Exynos 2100 sports an integrated 5G modem with sub-6GHz and mmWave capabilities. Sub-6GHz downlink speeds theoretically top out at 5.1Gbps, while mmWave speeds top out at 7.35Gbps.

The actual speeds aren’t an upgrade over the Exynos 990, but the move to an integrated modem means you can expect better power efficiency compared to 2020’s flagship processor.

Moving to machine learning, the Exynos 2100 delivers a tri-core NPU that boasts 26 TOPS of power. By contrast, the Exynos 990 features 15 TOPS of power. Of course, there’s more to machine learning than a simple measurement, and the new NPU touts twice the power efficiency of the older silicon. So expect tasks like computer vision, scene recognition, and more to sip less juice.

Camera support

Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra camera 2

Credit: Robert Triggs / Android Authority

The Exynos 2100 is a camera powerhouse, offering 200MP camera support as well as support for up to six cameras and concurrent data processing from four sensors. In fact, the chipset features a so-called multi-camera and frame processor (MCFP) within the ISP, which is able to combine data from multiple sensors to deliver improved zoom, better wide-angle shots, and more.

On the video front, you can expect 8K/30fps recording, 8K/60fps playback, 4K/120fps recording, and AV1 codec support for decoding. In other words, Samsung’s processor is among the top dogs when it comes to photo and video capabilities. Qualcomm’s equivalent chipset (Snapdragon 888) doesn’t support AV1 decoding or encoding, making this a notable feather in Samsung’s cap as more streaming services support the bandwidth-friendly standard.

Supported phones

Exynos SoCs usually find their way into Samsung’s flagship offerings, and the Exynos 2100 continues this trend. The Galaxy S21 series offers this processor in most markets aside from the US. In other words, you’ll be getting an Exynos-powered S21 if you’re in Europe, India, the Middle East, Africa, and several Asian locales.

Flagship Exynos chipsets have traditionally appeared inside the Galaxy Note range as well, but it seems like we won’t be getting a Note phone this year. Meanwhile, both the Galaxy Z Flip and Galaxy Z Fold lineups have used Qualcomm silicon for all variants. You might not want to hold your breath for Exynos 2100-powered foldables.

How does it fare against the Snapdragon 888?

The Exynos 2100 seems much closer to the Snapdragon 888 on paper, as the two SoCs share a near-identical CPU setup. In fact, Geekbench 5 testing and our own Speed Test G (seen above) show only a small difference in CPU power. Furthermore, Geekbench 5 multi-core scores show Samsung’s silicon outpacing Qualcomm’s processor by a small margin.

Graphical performance is still Samsung’s Achilles Heel compared to Qualcomm though, and the Exynos 2100’s GPU is still a long way behind the Snapdragon 888. In fact, it even falls a little short of last year’s Snapdragon 865 series GPUs. Check out our full Exynos 2100 vs Snapdragon 888 rundown at the link.

What to know about a successor?

Samsung confirmed to Android Authority earlier this year that the next Exynos flagship processor (i.e. Exynos 2100 successor) would indeed offer AMD graphics. The two companies announced a partnership back in 2019 to deliver a powerful GPU, so it looks like we can expect these first fruits at the end of 2021 or in early 2022.

This suggests that the Galaxy S22 will offer AMD graphics, which could theoretically make for a big upgrade over Arm’s Mali GPU tech. But we’ll need to wait for more details and benchmarks first. Otherwise, we’re expecting the next Exynos chipset to potentially make use of the new Armv9 architecture, as well as Arm’s latest CPU cores.

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