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Google Assistant guide: Make the most of your virtual assistant

Google Assistant can become your best helper!
By
April 23, 2022
Google Assistant stock photo 1
Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

Google Assistant was announced at Google’s I/O developer conference back in 2016, and made its official debut on Pixel phones in October of the same year. It’s available on all handsets running Android 5.0+ with at least 1GB of RAM, or Android 6.0+ and at least 1.5GB of RAM. Supported phones also have to have Google Play Services installed and sport a minimum of a 720p display. The technology has been incorporated into many other platforms as well, including Google-based smart speakers and displays.

Assistant will only work if you have a device’s language set to one it supports. These include English, Spanish, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Japanese, Chinese, Dutch, Russian, etc. The only issue is not all Google Assistant devices support all languages. You can learn more about language support here.

The basics of Google Assistant are easy to understand, but there’s a lot more beneath the surface you may not be aware of. This post covers most of it — from explaining what is Assistant and how to use it to the devices it powers and the commands it understands. So whether you’re brand new to Google Assistant or already have some knowledge, you should learn a few things in this guide. Let’s dive in.

Also: The best Google products you can buy

Editor’s note: All instructions in this guide were made using a Pixel 4a with 5G running Android 12. Keep in mind that things may differ depending on your hardware and software.


1. What is Google Assistant?

Google Nest Audio smart speaker touch control
Lily Katz / Android Authority

Google Assistant is Google’s virtual helper. It allows you to get stuff done faster. You can use automation or voice commands instead of tapping a screen a gazillion times.

Depending on the device and platform, Assistant can open apps, send messages, make calls, play a specific song, check the weather, control smart devices, set timers, grab general information, set alarms, and many other things.

Of course, Assistant isn’t available just on phones. You can also find it on smart speakers, smartwatches, headphones, and many other products — more on this later.


2. How to set up and use Google Assistant

pixel 4 xl revisited
Oliver Cragg / Android Authority

To use Google Assistant on your Android smartphone, you first must enable it. Don’t worry — the process is so simple even your grandma can do it, and it won’t take more than a minute or two of your time.

Step-by-step instructions on how to enable Assistant:

  1. Launch the Google app.
  2. Tap on the account image button in the top-right corner of the screen.
  3. Select Settings.
  4. Head to Google Assistant.
  5. Tap on General.
  6. Enable the Google Assistant toggle.

Now that Assistant is turned on, it’s time to take it for a spin. You can do that by either saying “OK, Google” or “Hey, Google,” and then stating your command. An example of this would be, “OK Google, play a funny cat video on YouTube.”

Keep in mind some phones have to be unlocked for this to work. If the screen is turned off when you say a command, Google Assistant will hear it, but may ask you to unlock it before performing the requested task. It’s an annoying feature, but there for security reasons.

There are a few alternative methods of summoning Assistant. The main one is to press and hold the home button on your device and wait for Assistant to pop up. If you’re using gestures on Android 10+ and/or don’t have a home button, you’ll have to swipe up and towards the middle from the bottom left or right corner. Some phones from brands like Nokia and LG also come with a dedicated Google Assistant button. Or you can access it from the dedicated button on the search bar.

Keep in mind you can also write to the Assistant instead of speaking to it. This comes in handy when you’re in public and don’t want people to think you’re crazy for giving your phone demands. To try this out, summon Assistant, tap the keyboard icon, and type in your request.


3. Devices

Google Assistant stock photo 2
Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

There are two types of Google Assistant devices to know about. One has Google Assistant built-in, while the other only works with Assistant. That means they don’t have Assistant per se, but can be controlled with voice commands via smartphones, smart speakers, and other devices. We’ll take a closer look at the two options below.

Devices with Google Assistant built-in

Photograph of Google Home Hub, Home Mini, and Home side by side

Smartphones and tablets: Google Assistant is on board all newer phones and tablets, as well as loads of older ones running at least Android 5.0. There are a few other requirements in this case, which you can check out in the intro of this post.

Smart speakers/displays: Getting a smart speaker or display is one of the first steps to take if you want to set up a smart home. A smart speaker can play music, radio, or podcasts, answer general knowledge questions, and of course, control accessories like lights, locks, and thermostats. A smart display basically does the same thing, but also supports video services like YouTube, video calls via Zoom or Google Duo, and viewing doorbell or security camera feeds. You can check out the best smart displays if you’re interested in getting one.

Chromebooks: Assistant is available on most Chromebooks — but you may have to turn it on first. You can get the job done by opening  Settings, selecting Google Assistant under Search and Assistant, and toggling the feature on. Once that’s done, you can summon it with your voice. If you’re in the market for a new Chromebook, we have a list of the best ones to spend your money on here.

TVs and streaming devices: Google Assistant runs natively on Google TV and Android TV boxes like the Nvidia Shield TV and Xiaomi Mi Box S. It’s also available from the Chromecast with Google TV. All you have to do is press the dedicated Assistant button on the remote and say a command.

Devices that work with Google Assistant

LIFX smart LED light bulb stock photo 5
Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

Smart security cameras: While some cameras have Google Assistant built-in — like the Nest Cam — most of them work best paired with phones or smart displays, for the obvious reason that you’re probably trying to check in remotely. Those interested can check out the best security cameras you can get.

Lamps and light bulbs: If you’re only beginning to set up a smart home, getting a lamp or a few light bulbs that work with Assistant is a smart and affordable move. You’ll be able to turn the lights on or off with voice commands, even when you’re on the road. You could also opt for a smart plug, which allows you to turn any “dumb” lamp on or off.

Headphones: Several headphones work with Assistant, including the latest Google Pixel Buds A-Series and Sony’s popular WH-1000XM4. You can summon Assistant with a tap/press of a button and tell it to skip a song, turn up the volume, etc. Check out the best Google Assistant headphones.

Smartwatches: Smartwatches running Google’s Wear OS work with Google Assistant. It comes in handy for checking the weather, tracking a run, or setting a reminder, among many other things. Google-based smartwatches aren’t as popular as some expected them to become, but they still have a loyal following — check out the best models here.

These are just some of the more popular devices with Assistant built-in or work with it. There are many others, including thermostats and garage door openers, to name a few. Check out our favorites in the link below.

Also: The best Google Assistant devices for your home


4. The best commands by category

fossil gen 5 smartwatch review

Once you have your devices set up, it’s time to learn some helpful voice commands. Most commands apply regardless of the hardware you’re talking to — but there are some exceptions, such as attempting to watch  Netflix on a speaker.

You can find a full, ever-growing breakdown of commands at Google’s official directory, but we’ve covered some of the most useful ones below.

General queries

  • “Good morning” — This command is a catch-all for your morning routine. Assistant can give you a weather report, details on your route to work, and the latest news bulletins.
  • “Wake me up at …” — Assistant can fill in as your alarm clock.
  • “Open …” — Open up any app on your phone just by saying its name.
  • “Set a reminder for …” — Add reminders to your calendar, complete with time and place, so you’ll never miss a date again.
  • “Set a timer for …” — Slow cooking a chicken or taking a quick nap? Assistant timers have many uses.
  • “Turn on Bluetooth” — Toggle Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, your phone’s flashlight, and pretty much every other hardware option without reaching for a settings menu.
  • “Add … to my shopping list” — Google can store online shopping lists for you, and when paired with Assistant, you can quickly add and remove items via voice.

Music

  • “Play classical music” — Instead of playing music by song, artist, playlist, or album, picking a genre can be a great way to discover new music.
  • “Play … radio” — You don’t have to stream from a service like Spotify. Assistant can also play online radio stations, like NPR or the BBC World Service.
  • “Skip song” — As well as play, pause, and stop, you can skip along.
  • “What’s playing?” — Assistant can give you artist and song info for anything currently streaming.
  • “Turn it up/down” — Volume can be adjusted up and down at 10% increments, or set to a specific level.
  • “Shuffle …” — If you’re listening to an artist or playlist, there’s a good chance you want to hear things in random order for the sake of variety.

Pictures and video

  • “Show my pictures of …” — If you use Google Photos, Assistant can pick out pictures of people, places, and dates on request.
  • “Play … on TV” — Link up your streaming accounts on your smart TV or Chromecast, and Assistant can play shows directly onto your TV.
  • “Stream … from Youtube” — Catch up with your favorite YouTube shows.
  • “Turn on/off subtitles” — Quickly toggle subtitles on or off and even pick your desired language without reaching for the remote — the same works for dubbing too, when it exists.

Tips, tricks & fun

  • “Find my phone” — We’ve all misplaced our phone, but if you’ve connected your smart speaker to your Google account, ask it to find your phone, and, given your handset has a data connection, it will ring.
  • Check movie times — Assistant is quite good at finding localized results, so asking “what time is [movie] showing” will display local cinema results. In fact, you can check the hours and operating details for many local businesses listed with Google.
  • Asking further questions This is a little more hit and miss, but Assistant can often understand follow-up questions. Sticking with the previous example, you might ask “what’s playing at [cinema]” followed by “what time are they showing [movie],” and Assistant will remember that you’re talking about the same theater.
  • “Beatbox!” — Does what it says. Enjoy.
  • Tune an instrument — Ask for a specific note, and Assistant can oblige. Handy for tuning guitars and other instruments.
  • “Tell me a joke” — A library of groaners that are sure to lighten anyone’s mood.
  • “Recite a poem” — Assistant has a selection of classic poems ready to help you unwind.
  • “Do you like Star Trek, or Star Wars?” — Be prepared for a range of confusing crossover answers sure to delight and infuriate fans in equal measure.

We’ll let you discover the rest on your own:

  • “Do a barrel roll.”
  • “What’s the loneliest number?”
  • “Make me a sandwich.”
  • “When am I?”
  • “Beam me up, Scotty.”
  • “How can entropy be reversed?”
  • “Tell me a joke.”
  • “Up up down down left right left right B A start.”
  • “Who’s on first?”
  • “I am your father.”
  • “Set phasers to kill.”
  • “Did you fart?”
  • “It’s my birthday.”
  • “It’s not my birthday.”
  • “Who let the dogs out?”
  • “Do you want to build a snowman?”
  • “How many roads must a man walk down?”
  • “Who is the real Slim Shady?”
  • “Who ya gonna call?”
  • “Where in the world is Carmen Sandiego?”
  • “Where’s Waldo?”
  • “Party on, Wayne.”

Also: Here’s a guide on all Google Assistant commands


5. Google Assistant actions

Pictured is the gray Google Nest Audio on a bookshelf with the lights blinking.
Adam Molina / Android Authority

Google Assistant is powered by actions, which are the little conversations you have with Assistant to get anything done. While Google provides many actions out of the box, additional commands require linking with third-party hardware and software.

Users can discover third-party apps for Assistant via the Actions app directory on the web and mobile devices. It includes products ranging from trivia apps to fitness and TV tools designed to work with external hardware.

Here are a few examples of add-on actions for Google Assistant:

There are over 1 million actions available. Developers can build their Assistant apps and actions using either Dialogflow or the Actions SDK. Dialogflow is a “conversational platform” that offers easy-to-use IDE, machine learning, and other tools while wrapping in the functionality of the Actions SDK.


6. Google Assistant routines

Pictured is the gray Nest Audio fabric stitching on a bedside table
Adam Molina / Android Authority

Google Assistant routines let you trigger multiple actions with a single phrase. As a random example, you might dim lights, lower the thermostat, and fire up your TV with a custom “Netflix time” routine.

In addition to custom creations, there are six ready-made routines available, all of which you can tweak to your liking. One of them is called the good morning routine. When you say “Good morning” or “Tell me about my day,” Assistant can:

  • Turn off silent mode.
  • Adjust lights, plugs, the thermostat, and other smart devices (if you have any).
  • Tell you about the weather.
  • Inform you about your commute.
  • Tell you about today’s calendar events.
  • Give you today’s reminders.
  • Adjust media volume.
  • Play music, news, radio, a podcast, or an audiobook.

We have a dedicated post on this topic. Check it out to learn about the other five presets or how you can build your own.

Here: Learn everything there is to know about Google Assistant routines


7. Smart home tips

Google Nest Audio pictured on glass table with plants
Adam Molina / Android Authority

One of Google Assistant’s most powerful features is its ability to act as your connected smart home interface. Assistant can control a wide range of devices, starting with your Chromecast or TV through to something as seemingly humdrum as a light bulb. All of these devices can be configured and controlled through the Google Home app.

Google Assistant is compatible with over 50,000 smart home products from over 5,500 brands. A directory listing all supported platforms is available here. Product categories include:

  • Lighting, plugs, outlets, and other electrical gear.
  • Washers, dryers, refrigerators, vacuums, air conditioners, and other home appliances.
  • Cameras, locks, and security systems.
  • Speakers, internet radios, and other audio equipment.

You’ll need to connect your devices first. Steps will vary, but the process always includes linking to Google Home. To add new devices to your smart home, head into the Google Home app, tap the plus icon in the top left corner, followed by Set up device. Follow instructions.

How to add devices to Google Home:

  1. Open the Google Home app.
  2. Tap the + icon in the top-left corner.
  3. Hit Set up device.
  4. Follow steps.

Be sure to use Home’s nickname and room assignments. This makes it easier to control specific devices or whole rooms when issuing voice commands. To add, edit, and delete names and rooms, head into the Google Home app, select the device you want to edit, tap on the gear icon, select Device information, and tap on each section to make changes.

How to edit devices on Google Home:

  1. Open the Google Home app.
  2. Select the device you want to edit.
  3. Hit the gear icon.
  4. Tap on Device information.
  5. Tap on each section to edit it.

Assigning your lights to a room that you label the bedroom, for example, means you can say, “Hey Google, turn off the bedroom lights” and shut off every light in that space simultaneously. Similarly, “OK Google, play music on my living room speaker” will push audio to your living room regardless of what device you’re talking to.

If you plan on setting up a smart home, getting a smart speaker or display is a must, since using your phone is not that convenient. You often have to unlock a phone before it can perform an Assistant action, which complicates matters. There’s no limitation like this with a speaker or display.

Either can act as a hub to control every Assistant-compatible accessory in your home. You can check out a few of the most popular smart home commands below to get an idea of how useful they may be to you.

  • “Turn on [light name]” or “Turn off [light name]” — Turn a light on or off.
  • “Dim the [light name]” or “Brighten the [light name]” — Dim or brighten a light.
  • “Set [light name] to 50%” Set a light’s brightness to a certain percentage.
  • “Turn on all of the lights” or “Turn off all of the lights” — Turn on or off all lights.
  • “Dim/brighten [light name] by 50%” — Dim or brighten lights by a certain percentage.
  • “Turn [light name] green]” — Change the color of a light.
  • “Turn on lights in [room name]” or “Turn off lights in [room name]” — Turn on or off all lights in a room.
  • “Make it warmer/cooler,” “Raise/lower the temperature,” “Raise/lower the temperature two degrees,” or “Set the temperature to 72 degrees” — Adjust a thermostat’s temperature.
  • “Turn on heat/cooling,” “Set the thermostat to cooling/heating,” or “Turn the thermostat to heat-cool mode” — Switch a thermostat’s heating or cooling modes.
  • “Set the heat to 68,” “Set the air conditioning to 70,” or “Set [room name] thermostat to 72” — Set a thermostat’s mode and temperature at the same time.
  • “What’s the temperature inside?” — Check the ambient temperature on a thermostat or other sensor.
  • “What’s the thermostat set to?” — Check a thermostat’s target temperature.
  • “Lock/unlock the [door name].” — Control a smart lock. You may be asked for a PIN.
  • “Show me the [camera name].” — On devices with a screen, this will show live video from compatible doorbells and security cameras.

8. Google Assistant vs. Alexa

Home Hub vs Amazon Echo Show 2

Google’s closest competition in the assistant and smart home space is Amazon Alexa and the retailer’s Echo speakers.

At a glance, Alexa and Google Assistant are very similar. Both focus on voice commands, and there’s plenty of crossover between the types of actions (or skills, as Amazon calls them) that can be used, ranging from weather forecasts to streaming music.

The latest generations of speakers are starting to diverge in terms of design. Amazon has chosen a spherical design for its newer Echo and Echo Dot models. Meanwhile, Google’s Nest Audio is tall and narrow, while the Nest Mini is round and flat like a hockey puck.

Like Google, Amazon positions Alexa as an option for third-party speakers. Indeed Alexa already has an enormous hardware ecosystem encompassing speakers, TVs, car infotainment systems, and even smart mirrors and bathtubs. Google is playing catch-up in portfolio size and partner support.

More: Everything you need to know about Amazon Alexa

There are some significant differences in how the two ecosystems operate, and the type of functionality they’re trying to offer. Most notably, Google Assistant can run on many phones, tablets, laptops, and smart home products, while Alexa is mainly tied to the smart home field, with some exceptions. Phones are a priority for Google, with related options you simply won’t find in Alexa. You can download Alexa to your phone from the Play Store if you insist. 

The best way to think about these differences is that Alexa is predominantly a smart home tool with links to other services. Google Assistant is much closer to a butler, helping you every step of the way, whether you’re trying to get to work or do a quick conversion from miles to kilometers.

If you care about price, Amazon typically wins in this department. While MSRPs can be very similar, Amazon devices are often found at a discount. For example, it’s common to find an Amazon Echo Dot for $25-$35, while a Google Nest Mini rarely goes on sale, and when it does, it’s not discounted by much.

Read more: The smart home privacy policies of Amazon, Apple, and Google