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Who is BBK, one of the largest phone manufacturers?

You may have never heard of it, but BBK is among the most important phone makers.
By
November 15, 2021
The back of the Oppo Find X3 Pro outdoors.
Hadlee Simons / Android Authority

The smartphone market has several major players these days, outside the familiar brands like Apple and Samsung. Huawei was trying to cement itself as the second-largest brand, successfully pushing into Asian and European markets. But its position was put into jeopardy due to Huawei’s ban from US markets and technology. Now, lesser-known BBK Electronics is rushing ahead of the competition, even challenging market goliaths like Samsung and Apple.

BBK is a Chinese multinational corporation. It owns a number of popular brands across various consumer electronics markets, including headphones, Blu-Ray players, and smartphones. It also oversees a number of major smartphone brands, including some fan-favorites — Oppo, Vivo, Realme, and OnePlus.


Who is BBK?

OnePlus 9 Pro rear profile
Eric Zeman / Android Authority

BBK Electronics has been operating in various sections of China’s electronics industry since the 1990’s. Duan Yongping, a reclusive billionaire, spearheaded the company. After successfully generating more than 1 billion Yuan from the “Subor” gaming console, a competitor to the Nintendo Entertainment System, Duan left his position running a Chinese factory in 1995. He then started the company Bubugao, which would eventually become BBK. The company now owns factories spread over 10 hectares of land and more than 17,000 employees.

BBK Electronics began by manufacturing a range of CD, MP3, and DVD players, along with other household appliances. These appeared under a range of global brands. In 2004 Duan founded Oppo with CEO Tony Chen. Oppo built on Duan’s experience in the video market by selling DVD and Blu-ray players, before moving into the smartphone market.


Meet the BBK brands

Vivo Z1x profile shot showing gradient and camera - A BBK brand
Dhruv Bhutani / Android Authority

Vivo was the first major BBK subsidiary. Founded by Duan and Vivo CEO Shen Wei in 2009. The first Vivo smartphones appeared in 2011 with a focus on ultra-slim form factors, while relying on celebrity endorsements to capitalize on the smartphone boom. Vivo’s core business is feature-packed mid-rangers, but grabbed headlines with its experimental Apex concept phones and the Nex series. Today, Vivo is most famous for its X and Y series handsets.

Realme is a similar but much newer Oppo spin-off. It was established by Sky Li (born Bingzhong Li), previously the Vice-President of Oppo Electronics, on May 4, 2018. The brand initially appeared in China as Oppo Real back in 2010 before rebranding and entering a series of new markets, including Europe and India, in 2018 and 2019. Realme’s phones combine cutting-edge tech with affordable price tags. It even managed to snag our Best of Android 2019 award.

Also read: Behind the scenes at Realme’s manufacturing facility

Duan didn’t start OnePlus either, the BBK brand that Western customers might be most familiar with. Instead, former Oppo vice president Pete Lau and co-founder Carl Pei set up the company in 2013. While OnePlus has the highest global profile of any BBK brands, it is still a subsidiary of Oppo, making it a subsidiary of the parent company BBK. OnePlus is also arguably the most premium brand of the bunch. However, it takes a different approach to Oppo and Vivo’s retail-based business model. OnePlus primarily targets online sales via platforms like Amazon, which has helped BBK enter European and US markets.


Has BBK become the world’s largest phone maker?

Realme GT review lead image placed on a bag - A BBK brand
Dhruv Bhutani / Android Authority

BBK Electronics is a big deal when it comes to smartphones, even though most consumers have never heard of it. Oppo and Vivo have long been major players, not just in the Chinese smartphone market, but internationally too. OnePlus and Realme are quickly adding additional markets and sales on top of the company’s Chinese stronghold.

In China, Oppo and Vivo have managed to surpass the growth rate of the once seemingly invincible Xiaomi by building a network of local stores. At the same time, its competitor focused on its efforts online. Apple and Samsung have struggled to keep pace with the cost-competitive nature of China’s homegrown mobile brands, including those in the BBK network.

On a global scale, data from CounterPoint now places combined BBK brand market shares in the first place. As of Q2 2021, Samsung technically leads the way, with Apple and Xiaomi following right behind. But we must keep in mind BBK has multiple players in the game. Two of their brands make it to the top list in market share data. Oppo and Vivo each hold 10%, equating to a total of 20%. Meanwhile, Samsung had 18% of the quarter’s market share. And we’re not even counting OnePlus and Realme, which fall under the “others” umbrella in this case.

Looking at the BBK brands individually paints quite a different picture. There’s a familiar first, second, and third-ranking for Samsung, Xiaomi, and Apple, respectively.

Over the past few years, the change in fortunes has been primarily due to the huge growth in markets such as China and India. Chinese brands have capitalized on their home markets and their value for money proposition has played well in India and Southeast Asian markets. Combined with aggressive marketing and investments in retail networks, India’s market leader Xiaomi has started feeling the pressure. Meanwhile, Apple and Samsung, in particular, are struggling to grow their brands in these markets and are instead reliant on their more traditional but stagnant bases.

More: Losing India would be a disaster for Samsung


Looking forward

OnePlus logo - A BBK brand
Robert Triggs / Android Authority

BBK Electronics isn’t satisfied with just having a solid lead in China. The company’s combined brands have already beat Xiaomi in India, which remains a key growth market. Meanwhile, Realme and OnePlus are broadening the company’s horizons outside of Asia.

BBK also launched another brand named iQoo a few years ago. This smartphone sub-brand leverages experience in children’s educational electronic toys to create the world’s first education handset.

BBK has managed to tailor its products to suit various market segments by spreading itself across multiple brands. The strategy has paid off in China and is quickly growing across India, and now in parts of Europe too. After all, the company is hard to ignore when its subsidiaries are pumping out devices like the OnePlus 9 Pro and Oppo Find X3 Pro.