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The complete guide to ultrawide camera phones

There's more to an ultra-wide camera than the perspective alone.
By
August 28, 2022
LG V60 ultra wide stock photo
Hadlee Simons / Android Authority

There are plenty of phones out there with ultrawide cameras, but the best of the bunch deliver far more than just a wider field of view. In fact, an ultrawide perspective is only one part of the equation when it comes to delivering a great wide-angle experience.

So, what should you be looking for if you want a phone with a great ultrawide camera? We’ve got you covered with our guide to the technology.

Don’t miss: Photography terms explained: ISO, aperture, shutter speed, and more


What is an ultrawide camera anyway?

Today’s primary rear cameras on smartphones are also known as wide cameras. They offer a field of view that’s wider than traditional digital cameras. For example, the Samsung Galaxy S22 has a 50MP main camera with a field of view (FoV) of roughly 85 degrees. Meanwhile, ultrawide cameras go even wider than that, with the S22’s ultrawide sensor offering a 120-degree FoV.

This wider field of view allows you to cram more into your picture and is also more in line with what your eyes see. Check out the difference between the Samsung Galaxy S22 Plus main (left) and ultrawide shots below.

 

One downside to ultrawide cameras is that many of them suffer from fish-eye lens distortion. Those with an extremely wide field of view (~120 degrees or higher) usually have more pronounced distortion in this regard. For example, straight lines at the edges of a photo can appear curved, while people on the periphery can look squashed or have abnormally shaped features. Nevertheless, some people like this distortion because it gives images a look akin to a GoPro.

Check out an example of distortion below, with the left-hand side of the door taking on a warped appearance. This photo was taken with the 2019-era Xiaomi Mi 9T Pro, with the distortion correction toggle off.

A sample image showing ultra-wide distortion
Hadlee Simons / Android Authority

It’s tough to create ultrawide lenses that avoid this distortion. The light is essentially being bent by the lens near the edges to capture as much of the scene as possible. Many manufacturers try to correct it via a software algorithm or by simply cropping the distorted edges out of the final image, commonly activated via a toggle in the camera app.

Other companies like Google, Huawei, Oppo, and LG simply opt for a narrower field of view in the first place (110 degrees and lower). This way, you’ve still got a sensor capable of capturing more than a typical phone camera, but distortion is reduced compared to traditional ultrawide sensors. Of course, dialing things back too far can mean you’re left with an ultrawide shot that isn’t all too different from the main camera.

Another solution we’ve seen in the last year or so is a so-called free-form lens that uses an asymmetrical design compared to more conventional camera lenses. This ultrawide camera lens can be found on the OnePlus 9 series, and the company compares them to progressive lenses used in spectacles.


What makes a good ultrawide camera?

Now that we know what an ultrawide camera is and how field-of-view works, let’s take a closer look at the ingredients you need for a great ultrawide shooter.

The right amount of megapixels

OnePlus 9 Pro camera module
Eric Zeman / Android Authority
OnePlus 9 Pro

Megapixels aren’t the number one factor for determining ultrawide image quality, but they’re still a significant consideration. They are particularly important if you plan to print ultrawide snaps, or if you simply want to crop into an ultrawide image.

We generally see the best ultrawide cameras on the market opt for no less than 8MP for decent results. We’ve also seen 5MP ultrawide sensors on older low-end phones that will do an okay job in ideal conditions. However, they often lack detail and tend to quickly fall apart in super-bright or dark scenes. A 5MP ultrawide camera also means you’re going to be limited to 1080p for ultrawide video recording since 4K recording requires 8MP or higher.

We’ve recently seen a trend towards cramming plenty of megapixels into an ultrawide camera, with some phones reaching as much as 50MP. All those megapixels can result in tiny photo-sites, used to capture light. However, small photo-sites mean less light is being captured which theoretically means poor low-light ultrawide shots. Fortunately, OEMs often use a technique called pixel binning to churn out lower resolution yet cleaner images, especially at night.

Color consistency

Another important factor in a good ultrawide camera experience is simple consistency in terms of color reproduction (and dynamic range) between the main camera and the ultrawide lens. Many budget phones and even some flagship models lack consistent colors between the two cameras, resulting in photos that can look overly saturated with the ultrawide shooter but washed out with the main camera. Check out the example above for color profiles that don’t quite remain consistent.

Related: What is dynamic range in photography? Everything you need to know

The main reason for this discrepancy tends to be a difference in lenses, aperture, sensor size, and more. All of these differences affect the light-gathering capabilities and color capture of each camera. Taking a one-size-fits-all approach to image processing is therefore not ideal. It requires significant work on the part of OEMs to ensure consistency between the two cameras. Unfortunately, some brands lack the resources, time, and/or will to do the legwork.

Autofocus

MediaTek Dimensity 5G chipset.

One of the features I tend to look for on ultrawide mobile cameras is autofocus. You’d be surprised how many brands don’t include this option. Even wide-angle pioneer LG didn’t include this on its flagships, and the Pixel 6 series lacks this option too. Thankfully, it’s becoming more common on flagship phones these days.

The main reason you’d want autofocus on your ultrawide camera is that it opens the door for macro shots with no dedicated macro camera. This way, you can take extreme close-up images without relying on a cheap 2MP macro sensor.

Related: What is macro photography?

Macro shots via the ultrawide camera are also of a far higher resolution than your typical macro lens, enabling you to crop in even further. The shot above was taken with the Huawei Mate 20 Pro’s ultrawide lens using macro mode. It was cropped from a slightly larger image. Not too bad, right?

Autofocus on an ultrawide camera also makes for a more flexible camera in general. It allows you to treat the ultrawide lens more like a normal camera, focusing on the foreground or the background as you see fit. Want to take a photo of some flowers with a mountain in the background? Or vice-versa? You can take both if you have autofocus on your wide-angle sensor, as the samples above show.

Autofocus is becoming common on flagship phones with ultrawide cameras, but there are few brands that haven't embraced this feature yet.

Phones with fixed focus ultrawide cameras don’t give you the benefit of tapping to focus anywhere. Tapping usually only adjusts the exposure. Instead, your phone can only focus on objects/subjects far away or landscapes and other backgrounds.

Having autofocus can also yield better ultrawide images in general, as the camera is able to properly focus on the desired scene instead of just taking a fixed-focus shot that might end up looking soft.

Low light

Smartphone cameras have made major strides in low light performance in the last few years, but this hasn’t extended to the ultrawide rear camera in exactly the same way. Instead, it’s still somewhat common to find a major difference in quality between main and ultrawide cameras when the sun goes down. This is largely due to the fact that primary or main smartphone cameras tend to offer wider apertures, larger sensors, bigger pixels, and/or pixel binning in order to deliver better low-light performance. We have seen improvements in this regard though, but there’s still generally a quality gap.

Another increasingly common tool used by OEMs today is the ever-popular night mode. The likes of Huawei, Samsung, Vivo, and others have offered night mode on the ultrawide camera for a couple of generations now. The combo of night mode and an ultrawide camera can struggle in the darkest environments, but it can definitely make a difference when the scene is just a little too dark. Check out the LG V60’s night mode on the ultrawide camera above, with the standard shot on the left and the night mode snap on the right.

Read next: 6 tips for improving smartphone low light photography

The different types of ultrawide video

motorola one action review camera

Ultrawide cameras are capable of video recording too. The wider perspective means you aren’t likely to notice judder as often as with the main camera or a telephoto lens.

We’ve also seen the likes of Samsung, Oppo, Xiaomi, and others offer a so-called Super Steady or Steady Cam mode, filming video via the ultrawide camera but cropping in. This serves as a form of electronic image stabilization. We’ve seen Samsung and others take this mode a step further by adding optical image stabilization to the mix for even smoother video.

Meanwhile, Vivo has adopted a so-called micro-gimbal camera system on the ultrawide camera of its recent flagships, combining this hardware with smart software to offer even smoother video than Super Steady modes. In fact, several Vivo flagships have a so-called Horizon Line stabilization mode that can keep the horizon level even when the phone is tilted by 45 degrees or more.

We’ve also seen some older phones doing interesting video-related things with ultrawide cameras. 2020’s Huawei P40 Pro phones touted 16-in-one pixel-binning on their 40MP wide cameras to capture brighter video in low-light conditions. There’s also the Motorola One Action and LG Wing. These phones packed an ultrawide camera that’s devoted to video alone, although LG also included a second ultrawide camera for photos. But ultrawide features like this aren’t common nowadays.

It’s also worth noting that few if any ultrawide cameras actually record in 8K right now. That’s because a camera needs to be 33MP or higher to support 8K. Even phones from Huawei, Oppo, Vivo, and OnePlus that do have high-resolution cameras still lack 8K recording via their ultrawide cameras.


Which phone has the best ultrawide camera? Our top picks

There are a variety of smartphones with great ultrawide cameras out there, generally offering consistent color profiles, autofocus, great detail, good night-time capabilities, and all the other important factors detailed above. We’ve picked a few options worthy of your consideration.

Vivo X80 Pro

Vivo X80 Pro ultrawide camera sample.
Hadlee Simons / Android Authority

The Vivo X80 Pro isn’t available in the US, but European, Chinese, and Indian consumers should consider this 2022 flagship if the ultrawide camera is a priority.

Expect a 48MP ultrawide camera with autofocus and OIS here, which is a great setup on paper. However, it does represent a downgrade over the Vivo X70 Pro Plus, which paired the ultrawide shooter with a micro-gimbal stabilization system. Nevertheless, we thought the X80 Pro still delivered high-quality ultrawide shots in most conditions as well as relatively smooth “ultra-stable” video recording.

Our verdict: Vivo X80 Pro review

Vivo’s phone also serves up a 50MP main camera, 2x 12MP telephoto camera with micro-gimbal stabilization and a 5x 8MP periscope lens. Otherwise, you’re also getting a Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 chipset, 80W wired charging, 50W wireless charging, a 4,700mAh battery, and an IP68 rating.

OnePlus 9 series

OnePlus 9 Pro ultrawide camera sample.
Robert Triggs / Android Authority

The OnePlus 10 Pro and OnePlus 10T have been available for a while now, but the OnePlus 9 series is better if you want a great ultrawide experience.

Both the standard OnePlus 9 and Pro model use a 50MP IMX766 camera sensor for ultrawide shots, as opposed to the low-quality 50MP JN1 for the OnePlus 10 Pro and a paltry 8MP sensor for the OnePlus 10T. The OnePlus 9 series also offers autofocus and a free-form lens on its ultrawide cameras, enabling increased flexibility and reduced distortion respectively. This setup paid dividends, as our reviewers praised the wide-angle snaps from these devices.

Our verdict: OnePlus 9 review | OnePlus 9 Pro review

Otherwise, the OnePlus 9 Pro packs faster wireless charging, water resistance across the board, a QHD+ screen, and a telephoto lens. Meanwhile, the standard model has bog-standard wireless charging (or wired-only in India), no official IP rating on unlocked phones, an FHD+ panel, and no telephoto camera.

Google Pixel 6 series

Google Pixel 6 Pro ultrawide camera sample.
Eric Zeman / Android Authority

The Google Pixel 6 range doesn’t have the most impressive ultrawide camera system on the market (12MP, 114-degree field-of-view). In fact, these cameras don’t even have autofocus for macro shots. But the Pixel flagships still churn out solid ultrawide shots that are consistent with the main camera Expect to find a 12MP sensor on both phones, delivering a 114-degree field-of-view.

Our verdict: Google Pixel 6 review | Google Pixel 6 Pro review

Otherwise, the Pixel 6 series also comes with a 50MP main camera, quite a few neat camera tricks (like Magic Eraser, Face Unblur, Long Exposure), and a 48MP 4x periscope camera for the Pro model. Needless to say, these devices are worth considering for the camera features in general.

Other notable Pixel 6 series features include a semi-custom Tensor processor, IP68 rating with wireless charging, a 4,614mAh battery for the standard device, and a 5,000mAh battery for the Pro model.

Oppo Find X5 Pro

Oppo Find X5 Pro ultrawide camera sample.
Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Oppo’s Find X5 Pro can make a strong claim for having the best ultrawide camera on the market, as both the main and ultrawide shooters use the 50MP IMX766 sensor. And our own review noted consistent exposure and noise between the main and ultrawide shooters, as well as good low-light results from either sensor.

Our verdict: Oppo Find X5 Pro review

The ultrawide camera also packs multi-directional PDAF tech for better focusing, while also enabling macro shots. Otherwise, the biggest downside to the Find X5 Pro ultrawide camera is that the 110-degree field of view isn’t much wider than the main camera.

Oppo’s phone also packs a 13MP 2x telephoto camera, a unique glass design, Snapdragon 8 Gen 1 SoC, a QHD+ 120Hz OLED screen, and IP68 rating.

Samsung Galaxy S22 series

Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra ultrawide camera sample.
Eric Zeman / Android Authority

Samsung’s Galaxy S22 series maintains the previous year’s 12MP ultrawide camera, offering a 120-degree field-of-view and 1.4-micron pixels for decent low-light results. Sure, you’re not getting the high-quality 48MP or 50MP sensors seen on rival devices, but you can still do much worse than this.

Our verdict: Samsung Galaxy S22 review | Samsung Galaxy S22 Plus review | Samsung Galaxy S22 Ultra review

The good news is that the ultrawide camera delivers images with similar colors and contrast as the main sensor, no matter the model. However, the biggest downside is that only the S22 Ultra’s ultrawide camera has autofocus capabilities, which means only it’s capable of macro shots via this sensor.

Samsung’s 2022 phones also bring a Super Steady video recording mode as you’d expect, harnessing the ultrawide camera to deliver smoother video recording. But don’t expect 4K support in this mode.


Do you love ultrawide cameras? Share your thoughts and any ultrawide photography tips in the comments!