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LG's Quad DAC: Everything you need to know

LG's smartphones hold the record for packing some of the best headphone jacks ever. Here's why.

Published onMay 11, 2024

LG Quad DAC 2
LG handsets were among the last phones with a headphone jack. Not just that, LG also had some of the best audio hardware of any mobile phone ever, including its trademark Quad DAC. While the South Korean company no longer makes new smartphones, portable audio enthusiasts still swear by the company’s hardware. You can find LG phones still selling for a decent premium on used marketplaces like Ebay.

Indeed, LG’s Quad DAC added a lot of advantages and put LG flagship phones on par with many audiophile-grade devices. However, this tech has always remained somewhat of a mystery to the general public. Not helping things, LG has historically not given out a ton of information about Quad DACs. Luckily, that’s a problem we can help fix – here is everything you need to know about the LG Quad DAC.

Editor’s note: This article was originally published in 2020 and has received yearly updates for relevance.

What is a DAC and what is an amp (and SNR)?

Photo of ESS 9018 DAC from the LG V10

First, let’s talk briefly about what DACs and amps actually are. The term DAC stands for digital-to-analog conversion. In electronics, it’s a component that basically turns your music from 1s and 0s into an analog signal. The signal runs to the headphones, which then amplifies the signal into your ears. Every device with a headphone jack or speakers has a DAC. For instance, Qualcomm uses its Aqstic audio platform for its Snapdragon chips. You absolutely cannot have a device that produces sound without a DAC somewhere, because 1s and 0s don’t make noise themselves.

Basically, the DAC makes sound happen on electronics.

An amp is also a piece of tech all devices with sound have. The amp, short for amplifier, is the piece of tech responsible for, well, amplifying the signal from the DAC. Almost all things that produce sound have both a DAC and an amplifier.

Finally, let’s talk briefly about SNR, or signal-to-noise ratio. To put it simply, SNR is a measurement that compares the level of an audio signal with the level of background noise. In theory, the higher the number, the better your music sounds. SoundGuys has an excellent post about audio bit-depth and SNR here if you want to read the longer version.

What is the LG Quad DAC?

A close up photo of the LG Quad DAC settings
LG’s Quad DAC is actually made up of four sub-DACs that work in tandem and this is what makes LG’s Quad DAC unique. There are multiple ways a company can concoct a DAC with sub-DACs, but we believe ESS (the maker of the Quad DAC) uses a parallel design based on its marketing verbiage. To put it simply, the Quad DAC passes an audio signal through each one of its sub-DACs in order to improve noise performance. The Snapdragon Aqstic system we talked about earlier boasts an SNR of 115dB while the Quad DAC has been measured as high as 130dB. The extra 15dB is because of the Quad DAC.

LG's Quad DAC is surprisingly complicated.

Despite its name, the Quad DAC actually works like any other amp-and-DAC combo. The amplifier generates a lot more power than your standard device with a headphone jack, thus giving LG devices the ability to power higher impedance headphones like the 300-ohm Sennheiser HD600. Meanwhile, the DAC portion supports audio files with up to 32-bit audio at a 384 kHz sample rate (as of the LG V60). The numbers haven’t changed much over the years.

Here are the technical specs of the Quad DAC as of the LG V60:

  • Support for audio files with up to 32-bit audio at 384 kHz sample rate. For reference, CD-quality audio is 16-bit, 44.1 kHz.
  • SNR 122dB
  • 2Vrms output level (LG told us 1.934Vrms based on testing with the Sennheiser HD800)
  • 75-point volume adjustment
  • Support for DSD, MQA, ALAC, and many other audio file types, according to LG.
  • Automatically scales power for low impedance (8ohm to 50ohm) versus high impedance (up to 600ohm) based on the headphones you use.
  • Left and right side balance controls
  • 0.001% THD
  • 1.7uV noise level

You get almost none of those things from your usual headphone jack on a smartphone and that’s part of what makes LG phones special. Finally, before we move on, here are the model numbers of every ESS Sabre DAC featured in an LG smartphone.

There are a few things to note. The LG V10 did not have a Quad DAC and it was the only model with a separate amp. Every model afterward came with a Quad DAC as well as an integrated amp. Additionally, the hardware has actually changed very little from the introduction of the first Quad DAC. The biggest changes came from the tuning, until the LG V60 with its ES9219 Quad DAC.

How to use the LG Quad DAC

LG Quad DAC Digital Filter
The Quad DAC does most of the work for you. It is enabled by default in the settings on most LG phones and stays that way unless you change it. There are some settings you can change, but for the most part it just delivers a pleasurable audio experience from most sources. Here are the settings you can actually change (as of the LG V60).

  • Hi-Fi Quad DAC toggle – The toggle is available in the quick settings. It turns the Quad DAC on and off. Long pressing the toggle instantly takes you to the Quad DAC settings menu.
  • Volume – The volume slider in the DAC settings is different from normal. It’s a 75-stage slider with increments ranging 0 to 75 (technically, that’s 76 stages). You can fine tune your volume here.
  • Normalize volume – This setting normalizes all media to be about the same volume. We actually recommend leaving this off and adjusting the volume yourself unless you really need it.
  • Equalizer – LG includes a 10-band, system-wide equalizer ranging from 32 Hz to 16 kHz. Additionally, there are 14 presets, including a treble booster, a bass booster, and a vocal booster setting.
  • LG 3D Sound Engine – LG attempts to improve the audio by adding a 3D aspect to it. There are options for Voice, Music, and Cinema along with an Auto function to switch between them automatically. The setting adds a bit of depth and reverb to the sound at the cost of realism.
  • Hi-Fi Quad DAC – This setting enables and disables the Quad DAC. It performs exactly the same function as the quick settings toggle above.
  • Sound preset – Sound preset is actually a second set of equalizer presets except these are controlled by the DAC. The presets are also system-wide but you can’t create custom profiles.
  • Digital filterDelta-sigma DACs like LG’s chips generally need a digital filter in order to function, so this setting can’t be turned off. The digital filter changes the characteristics of the sound, but this isn’t a post-processing step (and it doesn’t affect the frequency response). There isn’t a huge difference between the three settings (Short, Sharp, and Slow). Sharp is the default setting and it should work for most people.
  • Balance – Balance lets you adjust the volume between the left and right earcups. This is useful for fixing any imbalance on a pair of headphones or adjusting the volume for those partially deaf in one ear.

Adjust those settings while listening to your favorite tunes to get everything the way you want it. After that, you sit back and enjoy your music.

LG Quad DAC tips and tricks

A close up photo of the LG Quad DAC equalizer
You should be able to get a pretty decent experience with everything above. However, there are some other, smaller details you might want to know about to get the absolute best experience out of the Quad DAC if you still own a compatible smartphone today.

A lot of music apps don’t sample properly

UAPP USB Audio Player Pro
One of the most annoying issues with LG’s Quad DAC is how many apps bypass it entirely. This isn’t LG’s fault, it’s due to the Android OS as a whole. The short version is most Android music players use music APIs native to the OS to sample music instead of the Quad DAC. Thus, most music ends up at 16-bit, 44 kHz no matter the actual bit depth and sample rate.

There are only a few ways to fix this. The common knowledge fix is to purchase the app UAPP (USB Audio Player Pro) for $8. The app plays almost any file at its native sample rate and bit depth, including MQA and DSD files. It also plays nice with UPnP devices, network devices, and you can even connect your TIDAL account and listen to MQA albums through UAPP. It’s pretty awesome. There are other solutions, but UAPP is the easy, all-in-one, “works all the time” solution.

It’s a bit of an expensive Android music app, but it’s totally worth it for audiophiles with music collections in super high-quality audio formats. Those of you with libraries in MP3 can disregard all of this since the sample rate isn’t higher than 16-bit, 44 kHz. You folks can use whatever music player you want. Another reasonable option for this issue is Poweramp. You have to enable some things in the settings and it’s not quite as powerful as UAPP, but it does support the LG Quad DAC at higher sample rates and bit depths as well.

See which mode the LG Quad DAC is in

HiFi Status LG app
The Quad DAC exists in three possible modes. The first is off and you already know how off works. However, when the DAC is active, it’ll either be in low-impedance (up to 50 ohm) mode and high-impedance (up to 600ohm) mode.

Earlier LG devices had a prompt in the settings to tell you which one you had active. Later LG devices stopped this practice for some bewildering reason, but you can restore the functionality with the Hi-Fi Status (LG) app. The app reads the state of the Quad DAC when you plug in headphones and you can easily see if you’re in low impedance or high impedance mode. It costs $0.99, but it should work with every LG device with the Quad DAC. We tested it with the LG V60 around the time of its launch and it worked fine then.

The app only updates its state when opened (on the LG V60 at least), so it’s a bit annoying to use. Just close it out of recent apps and re-open. That bug may get fixed in a future update and it’s honestly not that bad. You can also configure it to give you toast messages or a persistent notification.

LG has been a leader in audio for years and the Quad DAC is a testament to that. There are few devices that even compete. Many devices have special DACs, but none of them have a Quad DAC system and fewer still have a third-party amp to power high-end headphones. The one-two combo allows LG phones to power the best of the best headphones and delivers excellent sound in the process. No other modern mobile phone can do that.

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