Is Virtual Reality the Next Big Thing… Again?

by: Team AADecember 29, 2015

samsung gear vr oculus connect aa (12 of 15)

What is the current status of Virtual Reality on mobile? Where it’s heading in the future and what can ARM do to help us get there?

Where VR is now

Virtual Reality isn’t new, people have been talking about it since the 90s, so why has the industry never quite taken off in the way we might expect? The quick answer is that the technology simply wasn’t there. The hardware was prohibitively expensive and very bulky and the graphics capabilities were too limited to produce a successful VR user experience – unless you consider motion sickness a success. Now however, lower cost hardware based on existing platforms is changing the game, with mobile platforms offering console-like performance. Not only that, but existing mobile devices already contain many of the sensors VR requires, from gyros to accelerometers, opening up a whole world of mobile VR possibilities.

What’s next for VR


The Virtual Reality industry has a forecast worth of US$30 billion by 2020, and that all has to come from somewhere.

Digi-Capital The Virtual Reality industry has a forecast worth of US$30 billion by 2020, and that all has to come from somewhere.

Gaming is of course a huge industry and a high-end, immersive gamer experience can now be literally at your fingertips. Mobile VR allows you to become fully involved in your chosen game at home, work, or while trying to escape the monotony of public transport; but that’s not all VR can do. Researching a university assignment can be a chore, but how about if you could visit the most relevant museums or seminars without having to leave the dorm? VR allows us to see exhibitions in world class museums and galleries without an expensive trip to London, Paris, or anywhere else. Shopping too, isn’t everyone’s favourite pastime, especially around the Christmas rush. Wouldn’t it be great if you could wander the aisles and compare options for your next car, sofa, TV or even pair of shoes, without tripping over pushchairs or being upsold by pushy assistants? All this is possible with the huge technical advances in VR and it’s only a matter of time until this is our standard way of working.

nDreams® Perfect Beach experience allows you to get away from it all without leaving the sofa

Perfect Beach nDreams® Perfect Beach experience allows you to get away from it all without leaving the sofa


So how does VR actually work?

Technology is the key to VR success and this blog series will talk about exactly what you need to make it happen. VR comes in mobile or desktop options, but according to Oculus® Co-founder Palmer Luckey, desktop VR is seriously compromised by the requirement for a ‘cable servant’ to follow the user around preventing trip hazards. So mobile VR is the quickest way forward, and the simplest of the mobile options allows you to simply slot your smartphone into the headset and get started. The headset provides you with a stereoscopic display, with two marginally different images rendered for the left and right eye, allowing the user to experience depth. Barrel distortion is then applied to the rendered images in post processing to counteract the curvature of the lenses.

Is VR the Next Big Thing-Fig3

Marginally different images for each eye allow the perception of depth and barrel distortion applies curvature to the image to counteract the curvature of the lens.

Finally, sensors in the device detect the movement of your head and adjust the scene in real time to render the updated view to the headset and allow realistic visual feedback. Going forward, additional sensors will facilitate live hand-tracking for a truly immersive experience, and this can be combined with the use of an inbuilt or add-on controller to allow you to interact fully with your virtual surroundings.

VR Optimisation with Mali GPUs

As with any emerging technology, there are issues that can stand in the way of a truly successful VR user experience. These include low resolution blurring the image and compromising visual quality, or a low frame rate making the display appear stilted or jerky. A major issue experienced when developing for VR is latency, or the time it takes for the on-screen image to catch up with the user’s head movement, and this is one of the key causes of sickness or dizziness in VR users.

The ARM® Mali™ GPU family is the world’s #1 licensable GPU in terms of shipments and is perfectly positioned to deliver an optimum VR experience. Mali GPU architecture enables high resolution and power saving through various features such as Adaptive Scalable Texture Compression (ASTC); and ARM Frame Buffer Compression (AFBC) dramatically reduces system bandwidth, with performance fully scalable across multiple cores. Mali support for extensions to OpenGL ES and EGL reduce latency and improve overall performance.

What we’re doing now

At events like VRTGO ARM recently demonstrated how great a mobile VR experience can be with the Mali-based Samsung® Gear VR headset, a collaboration from Samsung Mobile and Oculus. The first version was based on the Galaxy Note 4, with the second generation now available for the Galaxy S6, both powered by the Mali-T760. The Ice Cave Demo, featuring Geomerics Enlighten global illumination in collaboration with RealtimeUk; was easily ported to VR on the Samsung Gear VR headset; read about how ARM did it here.

If you want to know more about ARM, its microcontrollers, its Cortex-A processors, and its diverse eco-system then be sure to checkout ARM’s Connect Community at

Republished with permission from ARM – Read the original post on ARM’s Connected Community.

  • Happy

    In the forecast graph there is a huge omission – porn. This will probably be as big as all the rest taken together.

  • Sinan Cagrı Kurt

    This won’t big deal until We get something with neural interface like in Caprica(BSG)

  • I have 3 google cardboards (all star wars), and now upgraded to the Samsung VR. Its really awesome. I love surfing around Utube to watch whats out there. I think its all limited now, when one thing is posted to Youtube, U watch it a few times….then nothing for a month. Is it that hard to make these videos to post on there? the apps are typically garbage too. I think 4 out of every 10 apps/games in the playstore are actually worthy of downloading. Then to keep them has proven to be hard, they are generally a 2 or 3 minute video….thats it.

  • Kunal Narang

    Virtual reality will only become a success when people view it as a useful feature rather than a gimmick.. With that being said, we are still 5 years away from VR actually taking off.

  • Bak Choi Kim

    Lensors of Necromongers are the future of mankind.

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  • s2weden2000

    no it ain’t yet for many years …

  • Kamalnath

    VR has good prospective. but it depends upon the availability of backup systems for it’s success (having enough videos, games & apps)

  • Scr-U-gle

    Just like cruved and 3D TVs, it won’t take off.

    the only use is at home for gaming, won’t work in a public space because you’ll just bump into to things or miss your stop on the tube. And you won’t see the mugger who’s about to rob you either.

    I tried the Samsung copy of Oculus in S Korea, it was terrible, grainy, stuttered, big chunks of scenery would disappear and made me feel sick.

    It’s the virtual gameboy all over again, pointless and stupid.